2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习 - 娅洲翻译公司

2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习(1)

People Express, founded in April 1981, grew rapidly on the basis of low fares and no-frills service. It soon became a leading airline and __1__ changed the industry as firms constantly engaged in price wars to lure passengers. Then, People Express' bubble __2__ because it overexpanded, consumer complaints mounted and other airlines matched its fares on popular routes. In 1986, People Express __3__ hundreds of millions of dollars and was forced to sell out to Texas Air, the owner of Continental and Eastern Airlines.

  In early 1987, Texas Air __4__ People Express into its Continental division and industry observers believed __5__ the costly fare wars would be ended. They could not have been more wrong. To stimulate business for its __6__ continental Airlines, Texas Air instituted a new low fare category __7__ MaxSaver. The fare offered prices that were up to 40 per cent lower than "supersaver" rates offered __8__ all airlines. For example, the round-trip MaxSaver fare from New York to Houston was $70. The MaxSaver fares were immediately matched by all major airlines, __9__ feared losing business.

  While MaxSaver rates were low, they also had restrictions. Tickets could not be __10__ or flight times modified after purchase. Passengers would have to stay over either a Saturday or Sunday. Reservations had to be made at least two days __11__, and there were limited seats available.

  Three weeks after MaxSaver rates were __12__, American Airlines announced plans to raise its discount fares and require 30-day __13__ purchasing for its lowest fares. It felt it could not continue at the rates in effect. However, just 10 days __14__, Ameriacn Airlines had to revise its plan. Texas Air refused to abandon the MaxSaver fare; it even extended the program into the busy summer season. Competitors went along and the price war raged on, __15__ an executive's comment that "nobody's cost structure can survive MaxSavers."

  1. A) little B) slowly C) quick  D) radically

  2. A) burst  B) explode  C) opened  D) disappeared

  3. A) gained  B) made  C) lost  D) disappeared

  4. A) emerged  B) merged C) has combined  D) mixed

  5. A) what  B) which  C) where  D) that

  6. A) expand  B) to extend  C) expanded  D) extended

  7. A) called  B) calling  C)to call  D) calling on

  8. A) to B) for  C) with  D) by

  9. A) what  B) that  C) which  D) this

  10. A) put off  B) canceling  C) destroyed  D) canceled

  11. A) before  B) in advance C) ahead of D) later

  12. A) introduced  B) brought in  C) taken in  D) adapted

  13. A) advanced  B) before  C) ahead  D) prior to

  14. A) lately  B) later  C) late D) latter

  15. A) despite of  B) despite  C) in spite D) although

  KEY: DACBD CADCD BAABB

2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习(2)

 In a purely competitive market, the supplier of goods and services has no control over the market price, because he produces too little to influence market conditions. With no difference between his products and the products __1__ his competitors, he will sell nothing if he charges above the market price and he will sell all if he charges at or __2__ the market price. However, in considering the price, he must take cost of production __3__. There are times when he may be willing to sell below his cost. This might happen when prices tumble for __4__ a short time. However, no business person can __5__ lose money for a prolonged period. He must __6__ of his costs in relation to the market price if he is to compete successfully and earn a profit.

  Many people have the impression that as production increases, costs per unit decrease. __7__ mass production has made this true in certain industries and at certain levels of production, __8__ logic and practical experience have shown that costs per unit begin to rise beyond a certain level of production. Some economists __9__ this principle as the law of increasing costs.

  The reason __10__ rise as production goes up is complex. However, it is easy to recognize that as production goes up, the need for additional factors of production will also grow, resulting __11__ competitive bidding in the marketplace for the factors of production. If a producer needs __12__ skilled labor to produce more, and none of this labor is unemployed, the producer will have to get __13__ from other sources. This can be done by __14__ higher wages. Higher bidding would also apply to the other factors of production. We must also recognize that not all labor is equally productive, __15__ not all land is equally fertile and not all ore is equally rich in the mineral wanted.

  1. A) to B) at C) of D) on

  2. A) below B) beneath C) over D) above

  3. A) to consider B) into consideration C) to consideration D) in consideration

  4. A) he believes will be B) what he believes be C) what he believes will be D) he believes to be

  5. A) afford to B) be affordable C) be afforded to D) have afforded

  6. A) constantly aware B) constantly knowledgeable of C) be constantly aware of D) constantly aware of

  7. A) Because B) Since C) When D) While

  8. A) both B) as well as C) also D) but

  9. A) refer B) refer to C) call D) are referred to

  10. A) cost B) the cost C) the costs D) costs

  11. A) from B) in C) \ D) for

  12. A) less B) numerous C) more D) many

  13. A) them B) these C) it D) those

  14. A) offering B) cutting C) reducing D) having

  15. A) as just B) just as C) because D) while

  KEYS:CABCA CDABD BCCAB

2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习(3)

 Public image refers to how a company is viewed by is customers, suppliers, and stockholders, by the financial community, by the communities in which it operates, and by federal and local governments. Public image is controllable ____(1)____, just as the product, price, place, and promotional efforts are.

  A firm's public image ____(2)____ a vital role in the attractiveness of the firm and its products to employees, customers, ____(3)____ to such outsiders as stockholders, suppliers, creditors, government officials, as well as diverse special groups. With some things it is ____(4)____ to satisfy all the diverse publics: for example, a new highly automated plant may meet the approval of creditors and stockholders, but ____(5)____ will undoubtedly find resistance from employees who see their ____(6)____ threatened. On the other hand, high-quality products and service standards should bring almost complete approval, ____(7)____ low quality products and false claims would be widely looked down upon.

  A firm's public image, ____(8)____ it is good, should be treasured and protected. It is a valuable asset ____(9)____ usually is built up over a long and satisfying relationship of a firm with is publics. If a firm has ____(10)____ a quality image, this is not easily countered or imitated by competitors. ___(11)___ an image may enable a firm to charge higher prices, to woo the best distributors and dealers, to attract the best employees, to expect ____(12)____ favorable creditor relationships and lowest borrowing costs. It should also allow the firm's stock to command a higher price-earnings ratio than other firms in the same industry ____(13)____ such a good reputation and public image.

  A number of factors affect the public image of a corporation. ____(14)____ include physical facilities, contacts of outsiders with company employees, product quality and dependability, prices ____(15)____ competitors, customer service, the kind of advertising and the media and programs used, and the use of public relations and publicity.

  1. A) at considerable extent  B) to considerable extent  C) to considerate extent  D) at considerate extent

  2. A) establishes  B) plays  C) makes   D) obtains

  3. A) but  B) however   C) and   D) as

  4.A) possible  B) easy   C) not impossible  D) impossible

  5.A) they   B) some   C) it   D) we

  6.A) plant  B) jobs   C) machines  D) themselves

  7.A) while   B) when  C) as   D) and

  8.A) that   B) if   C) which   D) /

  9.A) that  B) who   C) whose  D) of which

  10.A) been  B) developed  C) found  D) learned

  11.A) With   B) Such  C) Like  D) /

  12.A) a more  B) more   C) most  D) the most

  13.A) with  B) without  C) in D) of

  14.A) They  B) It   C) Some   D) Most

  15.A) related to  B) connected with  C) relative to D) related with

  KEY:BBCDC BABAB BDBAC

2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习(4)

 We got up early this morning and __1__ a long walk after breakfast. We walked through the business section of the city. I told you yesterday that the city was larger__2__ I thought it would be. __3__ the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's__4__ Washington is a special kind of city. __5__the people in Washington work for the government. A bout 9:30 we went to the White House. It's__6__ to the public from 10 till12, and there was a long line of people waiting to get in. We didn't have to wait very long, because the line moved __7__quickly.

  The White House is really white. It is painted every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns all around it, ____8____many trees and shrubs. The grounds__9__ about four square blocks. I mean, they're about two blocks long__10__ each side. Of course, we didn't see the whole building. The part__11__the President lives and works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went through five of the main rooms. One of them was the library, on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named__12__ the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk__13__. There are__14__ old furniture, from the time__15__ the White House was first built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and other famous people from history.

  1. A) made B) did C)took D) got

  2. A) than B) as C) so D) like

  3. A) But B) Yes C) So D) Then

  4. A) since B) as C) because D) because of

  5. A) Much of B) Most of C) A lot D) Lots

  6. A) open B) opening C) being opened D) opened

  7. A) pretty B) little C) much D) very much

  8. A) / B) having C) with D) together

  9. A) include B) cost C) cover D) spread

  10. A) by B) on C) for D) with

  11. A) which B) what C) that D) where

  12. A) by B) for C) after D) before

  13. A) cloth B) clothes C) clothing D) cloths

  14. A) Much pieces of B) many pieces of C) many a D) a great many

  15. A) that B) which C) who D) when

  key:CAACB AACCB DCABD

2013职称英语考试试题(理工类B级)完形填空练习(5)

In the nineteenth century, the invention of the telegraph made it possible to send noises, signals, and even music over wires from one place to another. However, the human voice __1__ this way. Many inventors tried to find a __2__ to send a voice over wires, and in 1876 some of their efforts were crowned with success. ___3___ American inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray, __4__ at almost the same time. The United States Supreme Court finally had to decide which of the two __5__ the first inventor of the telephone. The Court decided __6__ Bell's favor.

  Born in Edinbrug, Scotland, Bell grew up in a family __7__ was very interested in teaching people to speak. His grandfather had been an actor who left __8__ to teach elocution; his father was a teacher __9__ deaf-mutes learn how to speak.

  However, probably none of the __10__ inventions gave Bell the same feeling of triumph __11__ he had on the day when he spilled some acid from his batteries. It was after he had worked for months to find ways to send something more __12__metallic twangs over the wires. Thinking Watson, __13__, was in the next room, Bell called, "Mr.Watson, __14__. I want you." Watson was not in the next room. He was down in his laboratory, __15__ to the receiver. To Watson's surprise, he heard the words perfectly. He ran to tell Bell the news: the wires had carried Bell's voice perfectly.

  EXERCISE:

  1. A) had never traveled B) never had traveled

  C) was never traveled D) never was traveled

  2. A) solution B) key C) way D) mean

  3. A) Two B) The two C) The two of D) Of two

  4. A) was succeeded B) have succeeded

  C) succeeded D) was succeeding

  5. A) was B) to be C) being D) having been

  6. A) at B) on C) to D) in

  7. A) that B)where C) in which D) who

  8. A) a theatre B) theatre C) theatres D) the treatre

  9. A) which was helped B) that was helped

  C) who helped D) who has helped

  10. A) later B) latter C) lately D) afterwards

  11. A) like B) to C) which D) as

  12. A) of B) / C) as D) than

  13. A) being his helper B) was his helper

  C) his helper D) to be his helper

  14. A) come here B) come up C) go away D) go down

  15. A) besides B) beside C) next D) by

  Key:ACACA DADCA DDCAC

 

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